|Canto 5: The Creative Impetus||Chapter 21: The Movements of the Sun|
Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Srimad Bhagavatam 5.21.11
evam tato varunim saumyam aindrim ca punas tathanye ca grahah somadayo nakshatraih saha jyotis-cakre samabhyudyanti saha va nimlo-canti
evam -- in this way; tatah -- from there; varunim -- to the quarters where Varuna lives; saumyam -- to the quarters where the moon lives; aindrim ca -- and to the quarters where Indra lives; punah -- again; tatha -- so also; anye -- the others; ca -- also; grahah -- planets; soma-adayah -- headed by the moon; nakshatraih -- all the stars; saha -- with; jyotih-cakre -- in the celestial sphere; samabhyudyanti -- rise; saha -- along with; va -- or; nimlocanti -- set.
From the residence of Yamaraja the sun travels to Nimlocani, the residence of Varuna, from there to Vibhavari, the residence of the moon-god, and from there again to the residence of Indra. In a similar way, the moon, along with the other stars and planets, becomes visible in the celestial sphere and then sets and again becomes invisible.
In Bhagavad-gita (10.21) Krishna says, nakshatranam aham sasi: "Of stars I am the moon." This indicates that the moon is similar to the other stars. The Vedic literature informs us that within this universe there is one sun, which is moving. The Western theory that all the luminaries in the sky are different suns is not confirmed in the Vedic literature. Nor can we assume that these luminaries are the suns of other universes, for each universe is covered by various layers of material elements, and therefore although the universes are clustered together, we cannot see from one universe to another. In other words, whatever we see is within this one universe. In each universe there is one Lord Brahma, and there are other demigods on other planets, but there is only one sun.
Copyright (c) The Bhaktivedanta Book Trust International, Inc.
His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Founder Acarya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness