|Canto 5: The Creative Impetus||Chapter 21: The Movements of the Sun|
Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Srimad Bhagavatam 5.21.18
tathanye ca rishayo gandharvapsaraso naga gramanyo yatudhana deva ity ekaikaso ganah sapta caturdasa masi masi bhagavantam suryam atmanam nana-namanam prithan-nana-namanah prithak-karmabhir dvandvasa upasate
tatha -- similarly; anye -- others; ca -- also; rishayah -- saintly persons; gandharva-apsarasah -- Gandharvas and Apsaras; nagah -- Naga snakes; gramanyah -- Yakshas; yatudhanah -- Rakshasas; devah -- demigods; iti -- thus; eka-ekasah -- one by one; ganah -- groups; sapta -- seven; caturdasa -- fourteen in number; masi masi -- in every month; bhagavantam -- unto the most powerful demigod; suryam -- the sun-god; atmanam -- the life of the universe; nana -- various; namanam -- who possesses names; prithak -- separate; nana-namanah -- having various names; prithak -- separate; karmabhih -- by ritualistic ceremonies; dvandvasah -- in groups of two; upasate -- worship.
Similarly, fourteen other saints, Gandharvas, Apsaras, Nagas, Yakshas, Rakshasas and demigods, who are divided into groups of two, assume different names every month and continuously perform different ritualistic ceremonies to worship the Supreme Lord as the most powerful demigod Suryadeva, who holds many names.
In the Vishnu Purana it is said:
stuvanti munayah suryam
gandharvair giyate purah
nrityanto 'psaraso yanti
vahanti pannaga yakshaih
so 'yam sapta-ganah surya-
hetutve samayam gatah
Worshiping the most powerful demigod Surya, the Gandharvas sing in front of him, the Apsaras dance before the chariot, the Nisacaras follow the chariot, the Pannagas decorate the chariot, the Yakshas guard the chariot, and the saints called the Valikhilyas surround the sun-god and offer prayers. The seven groups of fourteen associates arrange the proper times for regular snow, heat and rain throughout the universe.
Copyright (c) The Bhaktivedanta Book Trust International, Inc.
His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Founder Acarya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness