|Canto 5: The Creative Impetus||Chapter 21: The Movements of the Sun|
Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Srimad Bhagavatam 5.21.8-9
tatratyanam divasa-madhyangata eva sadadityas tapati savyenacalam dakshinena karoti; yatrodeti tasya ha samana-sutra-nipate nimlocati yatra kvacana syandenabhitapati tasya haisha samana-sutra-nipate prasvapayati tatra gatam na pasyanti ye tam samanupasyeran
tatratyanam -- for the living entities residing on Mount Meru; divasa-madhyangatah -- being positioned as at midday; eva -- indeed; sada -- always; adityah -- the sun; tapati -- heats; savyena -- to the left side; acalam -- Sumeru Mountain; dakshinena -- to the right (being forced by wind blowing to the right, the sun moves to the right); karoti -- moves; yatra -- the point where; udeti -- it rises; tasya -- of that position; ha -- certainly; samana-sutra-nipate -- at the diametrically opposite point; nimlocati -- the sun sets; yatra -- where; kvacana -- somewhere; syandena -- with perspiration; abhitapati -- heats (at midday); tasya -- of that; ha -- certainly; eshah -- this (the sun); samana-sutra-nipate -- at the diametrically opposite point; prasvapayati -- the sun causes to sleep (as at midnight); tatra -- there; gatam -- gone; na pasyanti -- do not see; ye -- who; tam -- the sunset; samanupasyeran -- seeing.
The living entities residing on Sumeru Mountain are always very warm, as at midday, because for them the sun is always overhead. Although the sun moves counterclockwise, facing the constellations, with Sumeru Mountain on its left, it also moves clockwise and appears to have the mountain on its right because it is influenced by the dakshinavarta wind. People living in countries at points diametrically opposite to where the sun is first seen rising will see the sun setting, and if a straight line were drawn from a point where the sun is at midday, the people in countries at the opposite end of the line would be experiencing midnight. Similarly, if people residing where the sun is setting were to go to countries diametrically opposite, they would not see the sun in the same condition.
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His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Founder Acarya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness