|Canto 10: The Summum Bonum||Chapter 24: Worshiping Govardhana Hill|
Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 10.24.22
sattvaḿ rajas tama iti
anyonyaḿ vividhaḿ jagat
sattvam — goodness; rajaḥ — passion; tamaḥ — and ignorance; iti — thus; sthiti — of maintenance; utpatti — creation; anta — and destruction; hetavaḥ — the causes; rajasā — by the mode of passion; utpadyate — is generated; viśvam — this universe; anyonyam — by combination of male and female; vividham — becomes variegated; jagat — the world.
The causes of creation, maintenance and destruction are the three modes of nature — namely goodness, passion and ignorance. In particular, the mode of passion creates this universe and through sexual combination causes it to become full of variety.
Anticipating the possible objection that a livelihood based on cows certainly depends on Lord Indra, who supplies rain, Lord Kṛṣṇa here introduces a mechanistic theory of existence known as atheistic Sāńkhya. The tendency to attribute exclusive causality to the apparently mechanistic functions of nature is an old tendency indeed. Five thousand years ago Lord Kṛṣṇa referred to a doctrine already well known in human society.
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His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupāda, Founder Ācārya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness
His Holiness Hrdayananda dasa Goswami
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