Canto 11: General HistoryChapter 25: The Three Modes of Nature and Beyond

Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 11.25.8

pravṛtti-lakṣaṇe niṣṭhā

pumān yarhi gṛhāśrame

sva-dharme cānu tiṣṭheta

guṇānāḿ samitir hi


pravṛtti — of the path of material enjoyment; lakṣaṇein that which is the symptom; niṣṭhā — dedication; pumāna person; yarhi — when; gṛha-āśramein family life; sva-dharmein prescribed duties; ca — and; anu — later; tiṣṭhetahe stands; guṇānām — of the modes of nature; samitiḥ — the combination; hi — indeed; — this.


When a man desires sense gratification, being attached to family life, and when he consequently becomes established in religious and occupational duties, the combination of the modes of nature is manifest.


According to Śrīla Śrīdhara Svāmī, religious duties performed for promotion to heaven are understood to be in the mode of passion, those performed to enjoy ordinary family life are in the mode of ignorance, and those performed selflessly to fulfill one's occupational duty in the varṇāśrama system are in the mode of goodness. The Lord has thus explained how mundane religiosity is manifest within the modes of nature.

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