|Canto 5: The Creative Impetus||Chapter 8: A Description of the Character of Bharata Mahārāja|
Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 5.8.29
aho kaṣṭaḿ bhraṣṭo 'ham ātmavatām anupathād yad-vimukta-samasta-sańgasya vivikta-puṇyāraṇya-śaraṇasyātmavata ātmani sarveṣām ātmanāḿ bhagavati vāsudeve tad-anuśravaṇa-manana-sańkīrtanārādhanānusmaraṇābhiyogenāśūnya-sakala-yāmena kālena samāveśitaḿ samāhitaḿ kārtsnyena manas tat tu punar mamābudhasyārān mṛga-sutam anu parisusrāva
aho kaṣṭam — alas, what a miserable condition of life; bhraṣṭaḥ — fallen; aham — I (am); ātma-vatām — of great devotees who have achieved perfection; anupathāt — from the way of life; yat — from which; vimukta-samasta-sańgasya — although having given up the association of my real sons and home; vivikta — solitary; puṇya-araṇya — of a sacred forest; śaraṇasya — who had taken shelter; ātma-vataḥ — of one who had become perfectly situated on the transcendental platform; ātmani — in the Supersoul; sarveṣām — of all; ātmanām — living entities; bhagavati — unto the Supreme Personality of Godhead; vāsudeve — Lord Vāsudeva; tat — of Him; anuśravaṇa — constantly hearing; manana — thinking; sańkīrtana — chanting; ārādhana — worshiping; anusmaraṇa — constantly remembering; abhiyogena — by absorption in; aśūnya — filled; sakala-yāmena — in which all the hours; kālena — by time; samāveśitam — fully established; samāhitam — fixed; kārtsnyena — totally; manaḥ — the mind in such a situation; tat — that mind; tu — but; punaḥ — again; mama — of me; abudhasya — a great fool; ārāt — from a great distance; mṛga-sutam — the son of a deer; anu — being affected by; parisusrāva — fell down.
In the body of a deer, Bharata Mahārāja began to lament: What misfortune! I have fallen from the path of the self-realized. I gave up my real sons, wife and home to advance in spiritual life, and I took shelter in a solitary holy place in the forest. I became self-controlled and self-realized, and I engaged constantly in devotional service, hearing, thinking, chanting, worshiping and remembering the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Vāsudeva. I was successful in my attempt, so much so that my mind was always absorbed in devotional service. However, due to my personal foolishness, my mind again became attached — this time to a deer. Now I have obtained the body of a deer and have fallen far from my devotional practices.
Due to his stringent execution of devotional service. Mahārāja Bharata could remember the activities of his past life and how he was raised to the spiritual platform. Due to his foolishness, he became attached to an insignificant deer and thus fell down and had to accept the body of a deer. This is significant for every devotee. If we misuse our position and think that we are fully engaged in devotional service and can do whatever we like, we have to suffer like Bharata Mahārāja and be condemned to accept the type of body that impairs our devotional service. Only the human form is able to execute devotional service, but if we voluntarily give this up for sense gratification, we certainly have to be punished. This punishment is not exactly like that endured by an ordinary materialistic person. By the grace of the Supreme Lord, a devotee is punished in such a way that his eagerness to attain the lotus feet of Lord Vāsudeva is increased. By his intense desire, he returns home in the next lifetime. Devotional service is very completely described here: tad-anuśravaṇa-manana-sańkīrtanārādhanānusmaranābhiyogena. The constant hearing and chanting of the glories of the Lord is recommended in Bhagavad-gītā: satataḿ kīrtayanto māḿ yatantaś ca dṛḍha-vratāḥ [Bg. 9.14]. Those who have taken to Kṛṣṇa consciousness should be very careful that not a single moment is wasted and that not a single moment is spent without chanting and remembering the Supreme Personality of Godhead and His activities. By His own actions and by the actions of His devotees, Kṛṣṇa teaches us how to become cautious in devotional service. Through the medium of Bharata Mahārāja, Kṛṣṇa teaches us that we must be careful in the discharge of devotional service. If we want to keep our minds completely fixed without deviation, we must engage them in devotional service full time. As far as the members of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness are concerned, they have sacrificed everything to push on this Kṛṣṇa consciousness movement. Yet they must take a lesson from the life of Bharata Mahārāja to be very cautious and to see that not a single moment is wasted in frivolous talk, sleep or voracious eating. Eating is not prohibited, but if we eat voraciously we shall certainly sleep more than required. Sense gratification ensues, and we may be degraded to a lower life form. In that way our spiritual progress may be checked at least for the time being. The best course is to take the advice of Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī: avyartha-kālatvam [Cc.Madhya 23.18-19]. We should see that every moment of our lives is utilized for the rendering of devotional service and nothing else. This is the secure position for one wanting to return home, back to Godhead.
Copyright © The Bhaktivedanta Book Trust International, Inc.
His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupāda, Founder Ācārya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness